2016考研英语阅读题源经济学人文章:男性自杀趋势

作者:李小白 发表于2021-09-01 09:20:43 来源:生活小常识

    每年考研英语阅读篇章很多都取材于经济学人,因此2016年考研复习之初,一定要从基础打好,稳扎稳打。新东方网考研频道分享《经济学人》文章,希望大家能够多看、多练,提升阅读能力!


2016考研英语阅读题源经济学人文章:男性自杀趋势


  Male suicide

  男性自杀

  A worrying trend

  趋势令人堪忧

  Official suicide statistics released on February 19thcontain disturbing news: suicide rates rose by 4%between 2012 and 2013, and the rise was due mainlyto one group: men over 30. Rates were broadly flatamong women, and among young men—often thought to be particularly at risk—suicide ratesfell.

  2月19日公开的官方自杀数据统计令人惶恐不安:自2012年至2013年间,英国国内自杀率激增4%,其增长趋势主要集中于30岁以上的男性。女性自杀率基本持平,青年男性——通常被视为自杀风险颇大的群体—的自杀率有所下降。

  Why are middle-aged men so susceptible? The recession hit working-age men especially hardin Western countries, where social and employment status are closely linked. A recent study inthe Lancet, a journal, found strong ties between unemployment and suicide. Roger Webb andNavneet Kapur of theUniversity ofManchester say unemployment is only one contributingfactor, however. Other aspects of the recession, such as falling income, “zero-hour”contracting and debt, may also be important.

  中年男性为何如此多愁善感?经济衰退对西方国家正处于工作年龄的男性而言打击甚重,其社会地位与就业状况息息相关。《柳叶刀》杂志最近刊登的一篇研究发现失业与自杀之间的关系紧密相连。不过据曼彻斯特大学的罗杰·韦伯与那伏乃尔·卡普尔表示,失业是造成自杀现象的唯一诱因。经济衰退的其他方面,例如收入下降、契约与债务的启动关键时刻,或许也很重要。

  1.due to 由于;因为;应归于

  Council members are due to have informaldiscussions later on today.

  委员会成员定于今日晚些时候进行非正式讨论。

  He is due to face a court-martial on drugs charges.

  他将因毒品交易的指控受到军法审判。

  2.such as 例如;譬如;诸如

  Issues such as these were not really his concern.

  他其实并不关心诸如此类的问题。

  They offer tips on topics such as home safety.

  他们就家居安全等问题提供建议。

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